The risks and harms of a cesarean delivery that you should know

You often wonder if a cesarean delivery is a safe option for you. In general, all operations have some risks. Caesarean section includes major surgery in the abdomen and pelvic area, and there are a number of complications that may occur with you. However, a cesarean delivery may be common in the case of saving the life of the mother or child and the decision depends on the doctor.


In addition, there are a number of factors that may increase the damages of cesarean delivery on the body, including the following:

  • Women who are overweight (obese).
  • Underwent a previous caesarean section.
  • Suffering from some health problems such as heart disease.
  • Baby weight gain.
  • Emergency complications that necessitate resorting to a caesarean section.
  • Allergy to anesthetics, latex.
  • lazy mother.
  • Decreased maternal blood cell count.
  • Premature birth .

Caesarean section side effects:

feeling pain

You will feel pain for a while after the operation, and it will take longer to recover. Because of the surgery pain and discomfort in the abdominal area, this may continue for a few weeks after birth until recovery is complete.

Infection after cesarean delivery:

After the membranes have ruptured, the uterus is one of the areas most susceptible to infection (usually harmful) bacteria that live in the vagina. These bacteria can easily spread into the uterus and a cesarean wound may lead to endometriosis (uterine infection).


A study was conducted on the cause of endometriosis, in any location 75% of women had the cause of cesarean delivery. According to the results of the American Collaborative Team, about 2-15% of cesarean delivery leads to endometriosis in 2010. Fortunately, almost all cases of endometriosis can be treated with antibiotics. Serious infection may require hysterectomy, and in very rare cases the infection may lead to death.

And it is necessary to know that these complications are very rare, as most obstetricians and gynecologists do not see a single case of hysterectomy or death due to infection. Serious infections are rare in women who planned an antenatal caesarean section.

Infection after cesarean section:

The infection may develop in women in the formation of external layers on the site of the wound, and not in the uterus. It is often called a wound infection after a cesarean section. Wound infections may lead to fever, abdominal pain. Skin infections are often treated with antibiotics. The infection may lead to boils that are filled with pus and in some cases lead to an abscess. The doctor needs to reopen the abscess to clean the affected area.

Sometimes, the infection can spread to other places or organs in the body and can be treated with antibiotics.

Postpartum fever:

Approximately 8% of women after cesarean section may have a bacterial infection called puerperal fever (2002) and this disease often begins in the uterus or vagina. And if it spreads to all parts of the body, it is called sepsis or blood poisoning. Most of the time, the infection is detected early and often you can treat it using antibiotics because if the infection is not treated it leads to blood poisoning. And in rare cases, sepsis leads to death.. There are a group of symptoms that help you detect puerperal fever early, such as urinary tract infection, mastitis, as soon as these signs appear, get immediate treatment to avoid the spread of infection.


There is an average rate of bleeding after a natural birth is about two cups (500 cc). The average blood loss with a cesarean delivery is about four cups or one liter, because the uterus of a pregnant woman is one of the places that contains more blood than any other organ. . Because in a cesarean section a group of blood vessels are cut. Most women can deal with these cases easily, and in the event that the amounts of loss are large, it leads to a range of complications.

And there is a group of complications of bleeding after or during cesarean delivery: bleeding after childbirth, ruptures, placenta accreta, tightening.

Postpartum hemorrhage:

It is normal for blood to be lost during a caesarean section. In cases of major bleeding, the vaginal tissues can rupture completely and cause blood clotting problems, making it difficult to stop the bleeding. And often, there are about 6% of caesarean sections lead to bleeding.

Therefore, in the event of severe bleeding, a doctor should be consulted directly, and most women get a full recovery within a few weeks through a blood transfusion. The doctor advises taking iron supplements, nutritious foods or vitamins that increase the strength of the body.


Sometimes the cesarean delivery wound may not be wide enough for the child to pass through, especially when the child’s weight is large, which leads to rupture of the arteries and veins, and these ruptures can lead to severe bleeding and require additional stitches, and in rare cases it requires another surgery .

Hysterectomy :

A cesarean hysterectomy means the removal of the uterus immediately after birth, because there are certain complications of a caesarean section associated with severe bleeding in which the doctor may have to remove the uterus, but cases of hysterectomy are very rare. Doctors do their best to avoid this from happening.

blood clots:

The most serious damage is the occurrence of blood clots after cesarean delivery, where clots form in the legs or pelvic area or blood clots in the lungs and it is called pulmonary embolism. Clots often lead to swelling and pain in the legs.

There are a group of conditions that are more common for blood clots to occur:

Mother’s weight gain.

The length of the operation

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