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December 17, 2020 admin

What do we know about wheat


Wheat is one of the most widely produced cereals, the world’s wheat growing areas range in the northern hemisphere regions often due to climatic conditions, China tops the list of ten wheat producing countries, with its production in the 2019/2020 season of about 133.590 million metric tons of wheat, followed by India, Russia and the USA, and we will review 

Do you know about wheat

More than 17,000 years ago humans collected and ate the seeds of the wheat plant, rubbed the husks and ate the grains either raw, dried or stewed.

Civilizations in the ancient cities of Babylon, Egypt and Rome first cultivated wheat, then oats and barley, and then moved to Western and Northern Europe.

The oldest wheat species discovered by humans was not one whose shell could be separated from the grain, so the ancient man chipped the grain, and scientists distinguished about 14 wheat species that were classified into three main types according to the number of chromosomes present in their cells.

Since the eighteenth century, wheat used in white bread, pastries and Pizza has been the main grain crop around the world, and during the twentieth century, especially with the advent of Mendel’s laws of inheritance, many changes and improvements were made in wheat cultivation around the world.

The first English colonists who arrived in the American colonies transported the wheat crop with them to the American continent, and it soon became the main cash crop there where they sold it to other city dwellers and exporters, and in colonial times wheat cultivation became concentrated in the Central American colonies known as the”bread colonies”.

Wheat is measured on a bushel scale, an international grain kiln equivalent to 27 kg, a bushel of wheat produces about 42 pounds of white flour or 6 pounds of whole wheat flour, and a bushel produces about 42 loaves of white bread weighing one and a half pounds or 90 whole wheat loaves weighing 1 pound.

Single wheat pints make about 42 pounds of pasta, and there are currently more than 600 forms of pasta manufactured around the world, durum wheat is considered the best type of pasta industry.

The nutritional value of wheat varies depending on the climate and the soil in which it is grown.  :

12% water

 And 70% carbs.

12% protein

2% fat

1.8% metals

2.2% fiber

Wheat also contains an amount of vitamin A, riboflavin, niacin and thiamine, but in small amounts, and the grinding process removes most of those nutrients.

Wheat cultivation

The wheat plant has long, thin, hollow leaves and stems in most varieties, and inflorescences consist of varying numbers of Fine Flowers, ranging from 20 to 100.

Flowers are carried in groups of two to six in structures known as spines, which later serve to house the next two or three granules produced by the flowers.

Although wheat grows in a wide range of climates and soils, but it consists better with the temperate regions with rainfall between 30 and 90 cm (12 and 36 inches).

Wheat is grown twice a year and winter and spring wheat are the two main crop types, the severity of the winter determines whether the winter or spring type will be sown, winter wheat is always sown in the fall, and spring wheat is generally sown in the spring but can be sown in the fall in areas where winter is mild.

Wheat growing method

Wheat needs sufficiently fertile soil containing a sufficient amount of humus, and chemical fertilizers should be used when growing wheat.

Wheat is suitable for cultivation on a large scale of soil and in many regions of the world, the grains selected for cultivation must be purified so that they are as free of any foreign seeds as possible, and those seeds are often treated with fungicides to prevent disease transmission of the crop.

Winter varieties of wheat produce a better crop but require better climatic conditions as it requires that wheat develop a root system and begin to form new shoots before the weather becomes cold, but winter wheat develops more lateral or axillary shoots in the spike than spring varieties.

The sowing rate of wheat is about 22.5 kg per hectare, the sowing depth is usually between 2.5 to 7.5 cm and can be reduced in some areas.

The wheat plant is self-fertilized, and the pollen in wheat is transferred between the Mesum and the ovary in the same flower, which allows the varieties to reproduce properly, but some farmers may resort to transferring stamens from some plants to the flowers of other plants before the process of self-fertilization, in order to develop new varieties of wheat in order to obtain varieties resistant to rust or other diseases, drought resistance or other, but the stages of growth of wheat enriched in that way and the production of large quantities of it take more time and cost than normal fertilization.

Mechanized equipment is currently used to plow soil before planting wheat, but in some poor areas of the world and in small areas animal-drawn plows are still used to process the soil before planting wheat.

Diseases affecting the wheat plant

The most important diseases affecting wheat is rust, which includes a group of fungi the worst of which is the black rust fungus, this disease causes the green color of the grains to turn yellow and the grains become small and shrunken and the productivity of the acre, so it is preferable to root any herbs close to the wheat fields to prevent the

Ergot fungus is also a fungus that attacks wheat although it is not common, and forms a dark purple mass on the grains, and these fungi have a medicinal effect on humans and animals, so most of them must be removed in the mills before processing wheat.

Wheat harvesting

When harvesting wheat, the crop should not be wet; if it is more than 14% moist, it is dried after harvesting under special conditions to ensure that the gluten in the wheat is not damaged.

Types of wheat and its derivatives

Although wheat and its derivatives are diverse, there are currently only six main types of wheat grown for economic benefit: HRW hard red winter wheat, hrs hard red spring wheat, SRW hard white wheat, HW hard white wheat, SW hard wheat and durum hard wheat.

It is the most important types of flour:

Flour is versatile: it consists of 80% hard red wheat and 20% soft red wheat.

Bread flour: it is made from hard red spring wheat varieties, where it contains the highest level of protein and is only grinded endosperm, so it has little nutritional value so it often undergoes bleaching and nutrient reinforcement processes.

Cake flour: it is made from soft white wheat suida.

Self-lifting flour: a mixture of versatile flour, baking powder and salt.

Wheat used for food needs to be processed, where the grains are cleaned and then adapted by adding water so that their cores disintegrate properly, during the grinding process the grains are crushed and then passed through a series of rollers, the grains are sifted to bring out the coarse particles to other rollers to be grinded again, and eventually 75% of the

The flour that is made from complete grain called flour, Graham or whole wheat flour which does not accept storage for a long time because it contains a high percentage of the oil, germ, while white flour does not contain the germ so it can be preserved longer than whole wheat flour.

Poor wheat or surplus from various secondary grinding processes is used as livestock feed.

The bulk of the wheat flour produced annually is used in the baking industry, and is usually made from hard wheat because it contains 11-15% protein and gluten is strong and flexible.

December 17, 2020 admin

The difference between hydrafacial and fractional


The difference between Hydra Facial and fractional technology

Became shouts of Cosmetology, and restore skin vitality and freshness of her wide, as many people resort to laser devices to check for signs of age, raised acne.

In order for the difference between Hydra Facial and fractional to be known, the Alet of their action and the benefits and harms of each of them must be recognized, since specialized doctors say that each type of skin has the appropriate therapeutic method.

Where there are some suits them the hydra facial, et al suits them, fractional resurfacing, in accordance with the pathological condition, blemishes of your skin, as both almost have the same features, but skin types differ, the types of defects and skin diseases also vary.

Doctors also differ among themselves in the preference of one method over the other, and doctors eventually resort to what suits the situation and the preferences of users, having learned about the features and disadvantages of each technique.

Hydra Facial

Hydra Facial is a medical treatment in the first place, it works to rebuild the skin anew, work deep cleaning of the skin and cleanse the pores, and also it helps in getting rid of excess skin, scars, where it depends on several steps, first cleaning the skin, then peeling, and then extracting blackheads, moisturizing the skin, to leave it pure, soft and supple.

Hydra Facial gives the skin antioxidants, which work to give the skin vitality and freshness, delay the signs of aging and aging, and Hydra Fishel works to eliminate brown spots, uniform skin tone and give it a distinctive aesthetic appearance.

Sessions hydraulic facial in specialized medical centers, by dermatologists and cosmetic specialists in that field, where doctors are advised not to expose the persons themselves at risk by such gas specializes in those treatments.

Features of Hydra Facial

HydraFacial is considered one of the modern treatments for the skin, which avoids the disadvantages of analogues of other treatments, various cosmetic means, and its features are:

Get instant results

Usually the skin needs several sessions, to start to improve and show signs of freshness, and to get rid of annoying blemishes and blemishes, but in the case of Hydra Facial treatment can get immediate and quick results, about thirty minutes after the start of the session, people can get excellent skin and very satisfactory results.

Many celebrities undergo Hydra Facial therapy and appear on the same day in front of the cameras with confidence, because they are sure that the results are amazing and fast.

Get fresh and vibrant skin

The skin after treatment with Hydra Facial looks fresh and glowing, it is healthy and looks younger than it really is, there is no room for pollution, no signs of old age, no traces of acne, and it is moist and vibrant.

Aesthetic and glowing appearance

One of the most important features of Hydra Facial is that it closes pores, improves annoying lines of skin, fights signs of aging, gives skin a smooth texture, eliminates blackheads and the face looks bright and shiny.

No pain during sessions

People often hesitate to do sessions for skin treatment or laser, for fear of burning and pain associated with the sessions, as for Hydra Fishel is completely different, there is no room for pain during the session, and no need for any fears, as it does not harm and never hurts, as the device is gentle on the skin.

Return to normal life after the session.

Users of Hydra Facial  technology can practice their normal life immediately after the sessions, as it does not mind being exposed to normal air humidity,or applying any cosmetics, it also does not affect the skin, and does not need a period of rest at home after the session, so it is an ideal solution for those who want to exercise

Side effects of Hydra Facial Sessions

Little does any harm from the use of Hydra Fishel technology except that it consists in:

Severe redness of the skin for owners of sensitive skin, may last several hours.

Some people may experience scars and wounds ranging in severity from simple to deep, but that is in the case of resorting to the lack of specialists and Doctors With experience in this field.

Sensitive skin owners often complain of severe swelling from the sessions, but it can be overcome by following the guidance of the specialist.

The cost of Hydra facial

The cost of Hydra Fishel ranges from 4,000 to 8,000 Saudi riyals, and in other Arab countries it may be slightly lower.

Fractional laser

Fractional laser is one of the modern techniques for the treatment of skin problems, where fractional, treat skin scars caused by acne, and also significantly treat skin pigmentation caused by skin exposure to the sun, it also fights wrinkles and signs of aging, and is sometimes used to get rid of signs of chloasma caused by pregnancy, and stretch marks.

Fractional Sessions do not last long in less than an hour, but can not be exposed to the sun after, with a feeling of slight sunburn pain for the skin, ending approximately 5 days after the session.

The results appear immediately after the sessions, are largely satisfactory, and with repeated sessions, the defects disappear, because collagen begins to regenerate in the face.

Benefits of using fractional laser

There are many benefits of fractional laser, being one of the new therapeutic trends, which tells the skin of a lot of symptoms, rejuvenate and freshness of the skin, the most important of these benefits

Fractional laser eliminates skin imperfections.

Effectively eliminates acne and their effects.

Contributes to the treatment of wrinkles and fights unwanted signs of aging.

Preserves the vitality of the skin, its activity.

Works to harmonize skin tone.

Exfoliates the skin, rid it of dead skin.

It treats fading, rejuvenates freshness and vitality.

Gives the skin a healthy and youthful appearance my.

It suits all age groups, making there a great off it from the elderly.

Rejuvenates the skin, leaving it soft and shiny.

Side effects of using fractional laser

There are a range of side effects associated with the work of franc laser which consists in:

The user has serious facial scars because they can sometimes be permanent.

Hyperpigmentation and pigmentation in the treated parts of the skin is the most common symptom, as frequent long-term laser use and repeated sessions can lead to unwanted signs[5].

Redness of the face, a common sign of laser use, is the redness and swelling of the face, which causes the skin to become swollen and red spots appear.

Acne, sometimes individuals develop acne as a result of laser use, which sometimes results in white scars that are later acne.

Itchy skin, individuals may feel itchy exacerbating swelling and pain.

A skin infection may occur, if the place where the sessions are done is not completely safe, well disinfected.

Sometimes very rarely, a fractional laser, may lead to a state of blepharoplasty, in which the inner part of the eye is exposed

Laser fractional cost

The prices of fractional laser vary from place to place, as well as from case to case, and the cost is controlled by the experience of the attending physician and the number of sessions but the prices in Saudi Arabia range from approximately 4500 to 8000 riyals, which is about the same as the cost of Hydra vishnal

December 17, 2020 admin

Benefits and disadvantages of Multi maca


What is multi-maca 

Multi maca is a plant that grows in the middle of the high plateaus of the Andes and has been cultivated as a vegetable crop in that region for at least 3000 years, maca is a cruciferous plant and is therefore related to broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and turnips, and has a long history of cooking and medicinal use in the Peruvian region.

The main edible part of the plant is the root that grows underground, has a candy-like smell, its root is used in the manufacture of medicine, it is found in several colors ranging from white to black, maca roots are generally dried and consumed in powder form, but also available in capsules and as a liquid extract.

The taste of maca root powder, which is not preferred by some people, is described as earthy and nutty and by contrast many people use it by adding it to juices, oatmeal and sweets. 

People take multi-maca orally to treat anemia, improve fertility, Ed, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses, and in foods, maca is eaten baked or roasted, prepared as soup, used to make a fermented drink, and in agriculture, it is used to increase fertility in livestock. 

Multi maca benefits

As these pills have a lot of side effects , but despite this, it has been emphasized that these pills have some benefits, and about their benefits, they are as follows:

It helps to get rid of stress and depression, which raises libido.

Very useful in men, in the process of building and strengthening muscles, as men’s bodies need a high level of calcium in order to build the body.

Protect the body from problems caused by the prostate, one of which is prostatic hyperplasia, it also serves to protect the poison fromprostatic cancer.

It relieves any physical and mental exertion in a person, and also improves memory.

It helps treat erectile dysfunction, as it is often called a natural aphrodisiac.

It increases and activates testosterone in men, which increases their sexual ability.

It is considered a pill that helps to address the problem of infertility in men, as there was a response after taking these pills in men who are infertile, and worked to increase their sperm count.

Increases fertility and the ability to conceive.

Taking these pills is useful in raising the stimulation and functioning of the central nervous system.

Protects the body from osteoporosis.

Works to strengthen and build muscles. 

Damage to multi-maca pills

There are a range of problems caused by Multy maca pills, which are used as an aphrodisiac and among those caused by Multy Malka’s next drug:

Excessive intake of multi-maca causes high blood pressure, so it is good to take no more than three tablets of the drug during the day.

If aspirin is taken with this drug, there will be no potency of aspirin, so both should not be taken together.

It causes some problems in the digestive system, it can cause indigestion.

Cause an allergy to a person, it is necessary to stay away from it in the case of people with excessive allergies.

Some may cause symptoms for example, a rash and mild itching accompanied by redness, and high fever. 

Side effects of maca when taken orally

Maca is probably safe for most people when ingested in amounts found in foods, and Multi maca pills are safe when taken orally in larger amounts as a medicine, in the short term.

Doses of up to 3 grams per day appear to be safe when taken for up to 4 months.

Side effects of makeup on pregnancy and lactation

There is not enough information, and can be trusted, about taking maca pills safely and without causing any harm if you are pregnant or nursing, it is best to stay on the safe side and avoid using them.

For hormone-sensitive conditions such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids, maca extracts may work like estrogen.

If you have any condition that can be aggravated by exposure to estrogen, do not use these extracts. 

Method of using multi-maca

Recent research has shown that taking maca twice a day, for 12 weeks, can slightly improve problems, or sexual dysfunction in women taking antidepressant medications.

Multi-maca pills are used in cases of male infertility, as early research shows that taking a certain maca product daily for 4 months increases sperm count in healthy men, but it is not clear if this leads to improved fertility.

Early research shows that taking maca powder daily for 6 weeks slightly improves depression and anxiety in postmenopausal women, and may also improve sexual problems, but these benefits are very small.

Increased libido in healthy people, as recent research has shown that eating a certain maca product on a daily basis, for 12 weeks is likely to raise libido in these healthy men.

Maca has other uses, for example:

Cases of anemia


Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

Improved power and athletic performance.

Improve memory.


Imbalance of female hormones.

Menstrual problems.

Symptoms of menopause.


Stomach cancer.


Strengthen the immune system. 

Proper dosage of Multi maca

Maca is generally sold as a powder, in addition to being sold as capsules, such as gelatin, and being as a dye, it is also sometimes added to foods, so it is sold as a powder.

There is no standard daily dose or amount recommended for maca root intake, but alternative medicine doctors recommend starting with three grams of maca powder, with a maximum daily dose of nine grams per day.

If taken as tablets, it is good not to overdo three tablets a day, and be at intervals during the day, not once.

For best results it should be taken after taking a bite from the food, so as not to lead to stomach problems, as to get a high quality product and, in the case of the powder it is good if we can have access to maca organic country of origin, cultivated in Peru, specifically in the Andes mountain range.

When you want to choose a particular brand without the other, and make sure the quality of this brand especially in the case of dietary supplements, look for products from brands that have been approved by Consumer Labs, or through the convention on the pharmacy of America, or NSF International they are often safe because they are well thought out.

December 17, 2020 admin

The names of creams containing collagen


What is collagen

Collagen is an essential part of the structure of the skin, it is the most abundant protein in the skin, the main component of the connective tissue in the skin, which is very important because it gives your skin freshness and vitality .

With age our natural collagen production decreases , and there are a lot of factors that reduce collagen production and include genes, sun exposure, and aging.

The only way for the skin to get more collagen is to use topical ingredients that stimulate your collagen production.

Original Collagen Cream

Collagen creams are moisturizers that contain hydrolyzed collagen, collagen peptides or collagen amino acids, and these ingredients confer moisturizing properties.

Collagen creams work only on the surface of the skin and, like other moisturizers, mainly slow down the rate of water loss from the skin and help maintain the freshness of the skin.

Creams containing collagen  

To increase collagen and elasticity in your skin you can use effective collagen face cream, creams may not completely restore the lost collagen, but it will make a difference in the overall texture and in the appearance of your skin, finding the right cream for your skin type can be a difficult task, below we will learn about many different types of creams:

DHC astaxanthin Collagen Cream

DHC Collagen Cream is fast absorbing , and is derived from Green freshwater algae.

The gel cream helps to visibly change the skin, and improves texture and color through regular use.

Formulated with collagen and elastin to tighten the skin, hyaluronic acid helps moisturize your skin.

L’oreal Collagen Cream 

Face cream night collagen from L’oréal is one of the best creams that contain collagen. 

Collagen cream works by filling and reducing wrinkles to help the face look superior.

Olay Regenerist Collagen Cream 

Olay Regenerist Collagen Cream is one of Olay’s best-selling cosmetics.

Formulated with collagen peptides and hyaluronic acid to moisturize the skin, it works to fill pores and make the skin look bright.

Elemis Pro Collagen Cream-Collagen Marine

Cream Elemis Pro-Collagen reduces the appearance of wrinkles, and its price is very suitable. 

Apply this cream for 15 days, this formula will tighten and tone your skin, it is fast-acting and anti-aging .

Mario badesco Elasto night Collagen Cream-Collagen

Add this night cream to your post-cleansing routine to help you get fresher and smoother skin. 

It is made from a combination of collagen, elastin and antioxidant oils that moisturize and tighten the skin.

Algenist Collagen Cream

This night cream provides a large dose of collagen, helping your skin look fresher . 

It provides a characteristic hydration thanks to its formula, which consists of vegetable collagen with goronic acid and ceramide.

Collagen Cream. Dennis Gross 

Dr. Dennis Gross cream is fast-absorbing and combines the power of collagen with the antioxidant benefits of vitamin C.

It is a complex of nourishing oils extracted from Camellia japonica seeds, sunflower seeds and rice bran to provide good hydration .

Derma E cream for peptides and collagen

This lotion from Derma E is the best collagen creams.

It contains a combination of urinary peptides and antioxidants to give your skin everything you need.

Collagen Cream Too Cool for School Egg Mellow 

This collagen-rich formula contains egg yolk extracts, egg white extracts and Enka omega oil which all strengthen and nourish your skin.

Too Cool For School Egg mellow cream can be used as a foundation, Sleeping Mask, Eye Cream, and neck cream, so you can reduce the number of products you use in your routine.

Cecily-Paris night cream with collagen 

Collagen night cream is made of high quality collagen formula with wood softening to give your skin a more elastic look. 

Estee Lauder triceptide Collagen Eye Cream

The triple-peptide collagen complex works on the freshness of tired eyes and gives the surrounding skin a softer and more youthful appearance. 

In addition, it also handles dark circles.

Charlotte Tilbury moisturizing cream

This cream from Charlotte Tilbury protects your face, thanks to its moisturizing formula filled with hyaluronic acid. 

Combined with collagen, this cream is what you need to help soothe tired and dry skin.

Fresh Lotus Youth Preserve collagen cream

This is a lightweight humidifier from Fresh .

Giving your skin all the benefits of skin-enhancing collagen, this moisturizer is very suitable for owners of oily skin .

Grown Alchemist night Collagen Cream

This night cream helps soothe irritated pores.

Consists of peptides it helps to reduce lines and wrinkles .

It also contains green tea extract, which acts as a strong oxidant to make your skin clear and pure. 

Times the use of collagen cream 

The best time to use collagen cream is bedtime, it is the time when the skin rest, the best time to treat the skin is evening, when there is no need to protect from the sun, as the ingredients are easily absorbed, which makes anti-aging more effective when put at bedtime.

How collagen cream works

Collagen creams act as Infusion agents by adding the necessary hydration as well as supporting the elasticity of the skin, but moisturizers should be used with them to support the skin barrier and maintain hydration, the use of collagen cream with other useful ingredients is the ideal treatment for the skin .

The benefits of collagen for the skin 

Collagen plays an important role in strengthening the skin, it benefits in elasticity and hydration, and with age your body produces less collagen, which leads to dry skin and the formation of wrinkles.

Collagen helps slow the aging of your skin by reducing wrinkles and dryness.

Promotes the production of other proteins that help build your skin, including elastin and fibrillin.

Helps collagen to prevent the appearance of acne and other skin diseases.

Factors that lead to collagen loss 

Some factors can deplete collagen levels in the body , and avoiding them can keep the skin healthy for longer:

High consumption of sugar

A diet high in sugar increases the rate of glucose , a process in which blood sugars bind to proteins to form new molecules called end products (AGEs), damage nearby proteins and can make collagen dry, brittle and weak.


Many of the chemicals found in tobacco smoke damage to both collagen and elastin in the skin.

Nicotine also narrows blood vessels in the outer layers of the skin, damaging skin health by limiting the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to the skin.

Sun exposure

The ultraviolet rays contained in the sun’s Rays rapidly degrade collagen, damaging the collagen fibers and causing the accumulation of elastin .

Ultraviolet rays in sunlight damage the collagen contained in the body, and the skin rebuilds incorrectly, forming wrinkles.

Autoimmune disorders

Some autoimmune disorders cause collagen antibodies to be targeted , as genetic changes can affect the extracellular matrix, the collagen produced can be less, or it can be dysfunctional and mutated collagen

December 17, 2020 admin

Scientific experiments on “matcha tea


What is matcha

Matcha tea comes from Camellia sinensis, and its native habitat is in China.

Contains matcha to certain substances such as caffeine and anti-oxidants than green tea.

Bitter-tasting matcha tea is served with local or yogurt, and matcha powder is used in juices.

Benefits of matcha tea

Positive effects on mood

Increases relaxation

Provides sustainable energy

Can help maintain a healthy weight

Matcha tea is rich in antioxidants, which are useful in fighting free radicals, preventing cancer and protecting the heart.

Try it: hot or cold matcha teas can be enjoyed and adapted to a person’s personal taste by adding honey, sweeteners, fruit, or mixing it with juices

Matcha tea recipe


A teaspoon of matcha rose

6 ounces of hot water

Milk, optional

A teaspoon of honey, maple syrup, or anything optional

How to prepare:

Mix one ounce of hot water with matcha to form a thick mixture. And beat the matcha to hold.

Add more water to the matcha while whisking so it doesn’t lump.

Add warm yogurt, and sweeten it optionally, if desired.

Dosage: consumption of one tablespoon of tea leads to the appearance of results after about half an hour, and can last for several hours. 

Side effects of matcha tea

Can show some side effects associated with the consumption of matcha, including matcha contains the useful substances harmful, you should not consume more than two cups a day (about 474 ML)

Damage to matcha tea


By consuming matcha powder, a person is consuming tea with everything it contains. Matcha leaves may contain pollutants, including heavy metals, pesticides and fluoride, due to the soil in which the plant grows. Organic matcha may reduce the risk of exposure to pesticides, but organic leaves still contain substances from the soil that can be harmful when consumed in large quantities.

Renal and hepatic toxicity

Matcha contains three times more antioxidants than ordinary green tea. Two cups (474 ml) of matcha may provide equal amounts of plant compounds provided by 6 cups (1.4 L) of other high-quality green tea. The individual tolerability of matcha tea varies, but the plant-based elevated levels found in matcha can cause nausea and symptoms of renal or hepatic toxicity. Some people show signs of hepatotoxicity after consuming about 6 cups of green tea a day for 4 months, equivalent to two cups a day of matcha. 

Studies on the benefits of matcha

Rich in antioxidants

One study showed that giving rats, matcha reduces the damage caused by free radicals and enhances the antioxidant activity.

Can protect the liver

Some studies have shown that matcha can protect liver health. One study gave matcha to diabetic mice for 16 weeks and found that it protected both the liver and kidneys. Another study gave 80 people infected with non-alcoholic fatty liver either a placebo or 500 milligrams of green tea extract (match) for 90 days. After about 12 weeks, green tea extracts reduced the levels of liver enzymes. Elevated levels of these enzymes are considered a sign of liver damage.

In addition, there is analysis of 15 studies found that matcha is associated with a lower risk of hepatic disease, but it is necessary to know that there are other factors that can be associated in this process.

Enhance brain function

Some research has shown that the ingredients contained in matcha can enhance brain function. In a study of 23 people, this study monitored how people performed a series of tasks intended to measure brain function. Some participants either drank matcha tea containing 4 grams of matcha, while the other group consumed placebo. Studies found that matcha caused an improvement in attention, verb verb and memory compared to placebo.

Another study found that consuming 2 grams of matcha tea powder daily for two months improved brain function in older people. In addition, matcha tea contains a concentrated amount of caffeine, that is, about 35 milligrams in 1 gram of matcha powder. Several studies have linked caffeine consumption to improved brain function, and enhanced memory.

Matcha also contains L-theanine, which has been shown by studies to enhance the activity of alpha waves in the brain, helping to relax and reduce stress.

Cancer prevention

In one study, it was found that matcha tea reduced tumor size and reduced the growth of breast cancer cells in mice. Matcha contains a large amount of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a type of catechin that has been shown to have strong anti-cancer properties, and a tubular study found that this substance helped kill prostate cancer cells. Another study showed that this substance was effective for cancers of the skin, lungs, and liver.

These studies have been conducted in animals, so it is imperative that these studies be conducted in humans in order to see how these results shift when studies are applied to humans.

For heart health

Some studies have shown that drinking green tea with properties similar to matcha tea can prevent heart disease, and has been shown to reduce levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the body. Studies have shown that drinking matcha is associated with reduced heart disease and stroke especially when combined with a healthy diet.

Weight loss

One study showed that drinking matcha with some moderate exercise can increase fat burning by 17%.

Another study of 14 people found that taking the matcha tea supplement boosted energy expenditure for 24 hours, compared to placebo. A review of about 11 studies showed that green tea helps reduce weight and maintain body weight. 

Study of matcha tea on animals

Effect of matcha tea and suppression of adrenal hyperplasia on mice

The relationship between the amount of matcha tea intake and the suppression of adrenal hyperplasia examined with a matcha sample, the difference in matcha concentration did not affect food intake or body weight in mice. The results showed that adrenal hyperplasia was significantly inhibited in mice who consumed about more than 33 mg/ kg of matcha.

Green tea or matcha

Matcha tea is a special, strong form of green tea. It comes from the same plant but grows and is prepared in a different way.

Since the leaves are crushed into powder, a person completely consumes the leaves. For that, matcha tea has more benefits than natural green tea. Consumption of matcha tea for hair and body has many benefits. But you should not overeat matcha tea, more than about 2 cups a day (474 ML).

December 17, 2020 admin

Countries that speak English as an official language


About 840 million people worldwide speak English. English is also known as the language of global business, and about 335 million people on the planet speak English as a first language and 505 million speak English as a second language. So it is not strange that the demand for studying and learning English is always high and everyone has to be careful to follow the stages of the development of English .

USA: United States of America is the largest heavy state Speaker of English in the world. An estimated 225 million Americans speak English as a first language, while about 43 million speak English as a second language. This means a total of 268 million English speakers making the United States, the country with the largest English-speaking population.

India: India is second only to the United States, with about 125 million English speakers. But only 226,449 speak it as a first language as one of the benefits of learning English, with the rest speaking it as a second language. However, as the BBC reported in a 2012 article, the current state of Indian Education suggests that many Indians do not speak English on a daily basis as English, also known as Hindi, is a combination of English and Hindi, which are official languages in India.

Pakistan: English is one of the official languages within Pakistan, along with Urdu. Although no one in Pakistan speaks English as a first language, this is because Urdu is always the preferred choice of citizens , but about 49 % of the population speaks English as a second language.

Philippines: the Philippines has two official languages: Filipino and English. Only about 37,000 Filipinos speak English as their first language. But, up about 92% of the population speak it as a second language. Among the statistics for the Filipino population, it is estimated that there are about 90 million English speakers in the state .

Nigeria: have you ever wondered why English is so prevalent in Nigeria and not in the rest of Africa, there are many reasons, and the probability of this being a relatively high proportion of English speakers is one of these reasons. About 53% of the population or 79 million people speak English in Nigeria , and a small percentage have an impressive proficiency in English.

UK “England”: about 98% of people in the UK speak English. But the proportion is relatively small for England, whose population suggests that larger countries such as Nigeria and the Philippines actually have more English speakers. The UK has around 59.6 million English speakers due to its relatively small population .

How many countries in the world speak English

In 2006, Professor David Crystal’s book The Importance of the English Language, English Worldwide, announced that there were nearly 400 million native speakers of the English language. Besides, the professor said that about 400 million speakers of English as a second language.

In addition, there were about 600 to 700 million English as another foreign language. Therefore, it is clear that about a billion people and more can speak English by studying the English curriculum . These numbers were from almost 10 years ago, so we can certainly say that these numbers of English speakers have increased in the previous decade . We can estimate that there are certainly more than 1.5 billion English speakers worldwide.

In 2015, out of 195 countries in the world, 67 speak English as the main language at official events . In addition, there are about 27 countries in which English is spoken as a second and official language and where the forms of English letters are studied . 

English-speaking Schengen countries

Many English-speaking European countries have a very high level of English among the population due to learning it from an early age, for example in Scandinavia, at least 67% of their population speak English about 71% in Denmark and always the question of who invented English always arises . You will find that there are a lot of other English-speaking countries across Europe that although it is not an official or secondary language, there are a high number of people who speak it, for example in Italy, although Italian is the official language, about 34% of the population speaks English fluently and many of them have a great understanding of the language. [4] it is these European countries:













Countries that speak English as a second language

The Netherlands: one of the countries that speaks English as a second language, the Netherlands has high standards of living, so the Dutch attach great importance to learning English. So you’ll probably find local people who speak English in addition to speaking Dutch, simply because they feel it’s easier for any tourist and visitor to their country.

Sweden: there are many reasons why Sweden ranks high among countries that speak English as a second language and provides ways to learn English . Because Sweden speaks Scandinavian , the Swedish syntax is close to English. It is not uncommon for locals to speak English every day within Sweden, but the working language of many workplaces often includes English .

Denmark: Denmark and Sweden always compete for the top spot in English . Given that both countries belong to Scandinavia, it is understandable . Given that 5.5 million people in the world speak Danish, the levels of development in English generally high. Like other Nordic countries, Denmark chooses simple language learning methods such as weekdays in English and no English-to-Danish television or film dubbing.

Norway: there are hidden origins linking English and English letters with Scandinavia, English and all Scandinavian languages are Germanic languages. This means that all of these languages belong to the same linguistic origins so it is not surprising that Norwegian word and sentence structures are very similar to English, giving Norwegian learners a clear privilege in the classroom. When visiting Oslo, you can feel the pastel will communicate easily with those around you.

Luxembourg: Luxembourg is an officially trilingual country, and this is due in large part to its geographical borders with France, Germany and Belgium. English is widely understood in Luxembourg city, where it is taught in schools and spoken in the international banking sectors . Like many other countries, Luxembourg has a competitive place among English speakers in the European Union.

December 17, 2020 admin

What is Cyberbank 2077?


During the past period, the news came close to the release of the new game cyberbank 2077, which many have been waiting for for the suspense surrounding it and for the efficiency of the manufacturer CD Projekt, which previously introduced The witcher game .

What is cyberbank 2077?

You are now in the future and life has changed so much in terms of street designs, buildings, cars and flying vehicles and the manufacturer has taken so much interest in this that you feel a terrible shift in the performance of people in the future than in the present .

The game relies on doing a number of specific tasks professionally with the integration of many movie scenes with it to make you feel that you are living in a real story and it gives you a number of options when you do the latest from others and these options in response to you will make the outcome of the dialogue definitely different .

For example, one response may get you into a fierce fight and another response will enable you to pass peacefully and so on .

However, the game does not depend on Place key and it is true that you have a car you and move how you want, but there are specific points you must go to complete the required tasks .

The game is set in a city called ” Nike City ” and is generally adapted from the state of California in the United States .

Game time in the future year 2077 .

Cyberbank game tracks

In order to be able to start playing this game since the home page you will be shown three paths to choose from ” travelers, street children, followers of institutions ” .

Cyberbank Voyager

When you are a member of the Voyager in the game, you now have complete freedom of movement and roam the desert with its nomad tribe and will usually attack fuel depots and scrap yards .

The game begins when you are in a small car maintenance center and then a police officer visits the center to try to scare you .

When you try to cross the border with your friend in the car, it is searched and you pay a bribe to the border guards so that you can cross into the city .

After the jump start the company’s policies in tracking you and try to escape them start shooting at them and pressure exchange between the parties where your friend driving in when you lead until you hit their car .

After escaping from them, you go to an abandoned place with your panicked friend and tell you that he will not pay you to start opening the items that were with him and discover the surprise .

Cyberbank street kids

While street kids means being on the streets with drug dealers in a world full of conflicts, you have to be strong enough to be able to face all these challenges .

The game begins when you are in a bar and you suffer a nose injury in a previous struggle with one of the people who tried to rob you and then you drink from the bar .

The bartender in this case has a problem with someone, Kirk, who is threatening him, and you need to help him talk to Kirk .

Who asks to steal one of the cars in the completion of the bartender’s debt and you will also get money in return .

Then you start your first task of stealing the car by going outside the bar and then going to the center where the car is located to start the robbery and then you deliver it but you get arrested .This is followed by many other tasks .

Following institutions

On the contrary, you follow institutions, it does not mean that you are a violent person, but here you are rich and belong to the upper class, but in these institutions there are strong conflicts that few survive .

The game begins when you are a panicked employee of an institution where a friend contacts you and tells him there is a leak inside the institution .

Then proceed to the meeting with Jenkins, who asks you to get provided you are using contain data of one of the characters that threaten and ask him to deal with her in exchange for money .

Then the Mahat starts running on you where you train in shooting first and later get training in basic skills of fighting until you are a professional in it .

The character in cyberbank

In this game, after you choose the track you want to exercise it will take you to the profile configuration in the beginning you have the option to vary either male or female and then is character-building based on the following options :

Determine the tone of the voice .

Determine skin color .

Determine skin type .

Determine the hairstyle .

Determine the type of hair .

Determine eye color .

Fixing eyebrows .

Specify the color of the eyebrow .

Determine the shape of the nose .

Determine the doubt of the mouth .

Determine the size of the ear .

Determine the shape of the beard .

Select a live color .

Electronic additions in the face .

Add holes in the face .

The color of the holes changed .

Specify the color of the teeth .

Makeup eye .

Color eye makeup .

Lip makeup .

Determine the shape of the nail .

Add a tattoo on the body .

Determine the shape of the chest .

The game is considered a product idea first which means that your profile will not appear in front of you, but you’re actually directly and see what surrounds you, just to you you’re inside of a game character .

But in contrast there are some cinematic scenes in the game and that shows personality through its special and you’re making this personal and identifying their features, with the beginning of the game always show your personality when looking into the mirror to chāh well and then appear in a number of scenes .

The game is supported in Arabic correctly, although some games may be added in Arabic, but it will not come in the typical form of such a game .

More what you’d be surprised at the figures is the significant imbalance between the normal human being with entering the world of machines and robots where the game contains characters unusual and Robin and people mixed in among them .

Cyberbank shooting

The game is considered to make the pointer shoot in the middle of the screen with the hold power with one hand or two hands depending on the type of weapon, and you can’t say this time and dodge the enemies shooting time as you want with the use of tools to detect their enemies .

Powerful shooting weapons .

Weapons with mirrored fluxes .

Weapons with round shots .

Weapons to stop enemies ‘ weapons .

Swords sticking out of the hand .

Personal assistance

Whatever path you’re playing through, you should get a helpful character that appears shortly after playing the game and stays with you continuously in many of the missions you do 

December 17, 2020 admin

A brief story about a drug addict that destroyed his life


The story of a penitent drug addict

 Dion, a heroin addict who began to recover from a not-so-long time under the influence of addiction, described his addiction as something like an amazing rush, a rush that puts him on top of the world .

He also described his feeling that he was separating his mind from the world and giving him an imaginary sense of excessive happiness, not knowing whether he was asleep or awake, and with time he became addicted to drugs and continued his story saying : after passing a period I needed drugs to help me live I felt pain in all my body and

You feel like death surrounds me and I feel better even heroin abuse, once caught the police because I bought heroin, I spent in jail short duration and then came out and promised once again to drugs..

I was arrested again and put on a drug treatment program, and I did not respond to treatment because I had no desire to stop using, and after I got out of prison I made a decision to control the way I used drugs .

Addiction makes you want more and more and pushes you to do things you don’t expect just to feel that delusional happiness again .

And that feeling of euphoria and one day I overdosed on drugs and went to the hospital, and that was the first time I felt scared that those drugs would be the cause of my death .

Then the social worker at the hospital took me to a house where other men who were on a treatment program were also recovering from addiction like me, and we were attending meetings and fellowship classes to help us rebuild our lives once without drugs .

I have also started taking methadone, a drug that helps me feel normal without taking drugs, I now feel fine and I can be happy without taking drugs ,and I have just met my grandson.

The story of a drug-addicted girl

In 2017, Christine tells the story of a drug-addicted girl who started taking drugs in high school when she was shot in the back and lost her chance to get a scholarship .

The pain of the injury, I relied on painkillers in a permanent way, and over time the pain was increasing and I had to take larger amounts of painkillers to cope with the pain and it had no effect .

Then I had another type of painkillers, but it was expensive, and from then on I got to know heroin, it was cheap and easy to get, and I found myself taking it several times to reach higher levels of comfort .

I’ve lost control of my life since I started using heroin, I’m addicted and I can’t control myself .

The more my life spiraled out of control, the more desperate I felt that I could never regain my former life or even my sanity .

I felt that I would never have a chance to change my life and I could not see the whole truth until after I had admitted defeat and handed my life to God .

On 25 October 2017 can participate in the program for the drug I’m relapsing chronic, and has undergone before treatment 4 times without success to stop the addiction until I received residential treatment .

Then I took part in the 16-month long injectable naltrexone pilot program, which gave me the opportunity to live a life without drugs and today I have completed 22 months without drugs, working as a recovery coach for young people, fate has given me the opportunity to share my living experience with others .

The story of a young drug addict brief

William ” will ” Christine dorhoff William had a strong and positive presence in his community, William was 6 feet tall, studying first class at the prestigious Little Rock Catholic school 

During William’s first year at University in 2014, he joined some friends who claimed to be brothers, and one of his older colleagues introduced him to the use of narcotic drugs from pills, injections and smoking .

By the end of the year, William had become addicted, and after his addiction to drugs and heroin, he had overdosed on drugs and was hospitalized after months of treatment .

But the more you know William setback and disappeared after taken an overdose of drugs and after his death they found text messages on his phone that he was famous among his friends take drugs .

After his mother learned about his addiction and the cause of his death, he decided to establish a foundation named after William to spread awareness about youth drug use in high school and University .

The story ” I was hooked “

Adam, a popular adventure-loving young man, sportsman and Hunter, fluent in French and a well-known university graduate, died at the age of 27 from a drug overdose .

His father said that Adam was a smart young man who graduated from Exeter High School, played football with the school team and graduated from Temple University .

Adam’s father has also stated that Adam was a tuna fishing skill and he had scored a place in the reality show on national geographic on wicked Tuna, Adam has also appeared in the second season of the popular cable show

It was famous for the competition between two teams of commercial fishermen competing to catch the largest number of tuna in the Atlantic Ocean .

His father also said that intelligence does not make sense in what happened to his son it is all due to his ignorance using wrong ways to overcome the noise of life drugs are to manipulate the minds of young people, and in his eulogy Adam’s father highlighted all that Adam has achieved in his life, and also gave a warning.

December 17, 2020 admin

Benefits of sweet potatoes for men


The benefits of sweet potatoes for men

The sweet potatoes contain a lot of potassium which helps in reducing high blood pressure and reduce the risk of erectile dysfunction in men. The sweet potato is characterized by its orange color which is caused by beta-carotene which supplies the body with vitamin A , vitamin A helps to promote fertility in men , in addition there are so-called Sweet Potato benefits for sex .  

What is sweet potato

Sweet potatoes are starchy and grown all over the world. Sweet potatoes come in different sizes and colors , such as orange, white and Violet. Sweet potatoes are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fiber.

Nutritional ingredients of sweet potatoes

Raw sweet potatoes include the following nutritional ingredients :

Calories increased by 86 % .

77% water .

Protein by 1.6 grams .

Carbohydrates by 20.1 grams.

Sugar in a ratio of 4.2 grams.

Fiber by 3 grams.

Fat by 0.1 grams.

Carbohydrates: medium-sized sweet potatoes contain 27 grams of carbohydrates, the main ingredients of sweet potatoes are starch, which makes up 53% of the carbohydrate content.

Simple sugars: simple sugars such as glucose , fructose, sucrose and maltose, these simple sugars make up 32% of the carbohydrate content.

Because of the high sugar content of sweet potatoes, eating them in large quantities per meal is not healthy for people with Type II diabetes and high cholesterol.

Starch: starches are divided into three main categories depending on the quality of their digestion.

The proportions of starches found in sweet potatoes are as follows :

Starch is 80% digestible, this type of starch is fast and easy to absorb and increases the value of blood sugar.

Slowly digested starch is 9 % , this type of starch decomposes slowly and causes a small increase in blood sugar levels.

Resistant starch is 11%, this type of starch is difficult to digest and works like fiber, in addition to feeding friendly intestinal bacteria . The proportion of resistant starch increases in sweet potatoes after it is cooked and cooled.

The sweet potatoes that are cooked contain high percentage of fiber. Soluble fibers are in the form of pectin and their presence varies from 15 to 23 % , while insoluble fibers are in the form of cellulose and hemicellulose and for an embryo , their presence ranges from 77 to 85 % .

Soluble fiber such as pectin increases satiety , reduces normal food intake, and reduces high blood sugar by slowly digesting sugars and starches.

Eating a large amount of fiber that is insoluble gives good health results , for example : reducing the risk of diabetes and improving bowel health.

Protein: medium-sized sweet potatoes contain 2 grams of protein, making them a poor source of protein production. Sweet potato is its primary carbohydrate composition, most carbohydrates come from starch and then fiber. These root vegetables are relatively low in protein, but are nevertheless an important dietary source of protein in many developing countries.

Vitamins and minerals

The sweet potatoes contain a lot of vitamins and minerals such as :

Vitamin A: sweet potatoes are a good food source rich in beta-carotene, from which the body can convert it into vitamin A.

Vitamin C: vitamin C reduces antioxidants, reduces colds and improves skin health .

Potassium: the potassium contained in sweet potatoes is very important for blood pressure control , in addition, potassium mineral reduces the risk of heart disease.

Manganese : the metal manganese found in sweet potatoes is very rare and important for growth.

Vitamin B6: vitamin B6 has an important role in converting food into energy.

Vitamin B5: Vitamin B5 has another name and is pantothenic acid, this vitamin is found in almost all foods.

Vitamin E: Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant vitamin that is soluble in fat and helps protect the body from oxidative damage.

Plant compounds for sweet potatoes

Sweet potatoes contain plant compounds, these compounds include :

Beta-carotene: beta-carotene is an antioxidant that our body converts into vitamin A. When you add fat next to a meal, the body increases the absorption of this compound.

Chlorogenic acid: the chlorogenic acid compound is one of the most antioxidant that is superior to the polyphenols found in sweet potatoes.

Anthocyanin : the sweet potatoes that are purple in color are rich Ballantine which consists of possess strong antioxidant properties.

The cultivation of sweet potatoes

Sweet potatoes compared to potatoes regular

Many people replace sweet potatoes with regular potatoes and believe that regular potatoes are the healthiest option. Sweet potatoes and regular potatoes contain similar amounts of carbohydrates, proteins and fats . The sweet potato and ordinary potato is a good source of vitamin C and potassium, but sweet potatoes provide good amounts of beta-carotene which the body can convert it to vitamin A.

Ordinary potatoes are more saturated than sweet potatoes, but they contain sugar alkaloids and these compounds are harmful if ingested in large quantities.

The sweet potato is considered the most healthy option than regular potatoes because they contain a lot of fiber and vitamins that are beneficial to the body.

Health benefits of sweet potato

In addition to having health benefits of sweet potato there is also damage to sweet potatoes , but include the health benefits of sweet potatoes include :

Prevention of vitamin A deficiency : because vitamin A is important for the point of it causing health problem in the body , for example : the deficiency of vitamin A in the body can lead ‘me harm, temporary or permanent work, and can lead to blindness , so sweet potato is an important source of beta-carotene, high absorption, which the body can convert to vitamin A.

Regulation of blood sugar: imbalance of blood sugar level and insulin secretion is one of the main causes of Type 2 diabetes. Sweet potatoes that are whitecolor improve blood sugar regulation for people with Type II diabetes.

Reducing the risk of cancer : oxidative damage to cells is associated with an increased risk of cancer and occurs when cells divide in a way that becomes difficult to control.

Promoting intestinal health : the fiber and antioxidants found in sweet potatoes that is useful in promoting intestinal health.

Immune system support: because of the beta-carotene found in sweet potatoes that is converted into vitamin A , vitamin A is essential for immunity so its presence in sweet potatoes helps to promote the health of our immune system.

The sweet potato lower cholesterol, and considered a vegetable radical containing feeders and come in a variety of different colors , in addition they are rich in fiber and antioxidants that protect the body from damage.

December 17, 2020 admin

Factors affecting the climate of continental Europe


Factors of climate classification of the continent of Europe

The climate of the continent of Europe is affected by several factors, namely :

Its location relative to the display circuits

The continent of Europe extends between the 36th and 71st latitudes north, where most of its area is in the northern temperate zone, which is characterized by moderate temperature, and dominated by moist westerly winds, which carry warmth and moisture, and which come from the Atlantic Ocean, factors that influence the climate of a region .

The distance from the equator

The distance from the equator affects the climate of the continent, it is at the poles, the energy coming from the sun to the Earth’s surface at low angles and passing through a layer of atmosphere thicker than at the equator, this means that the climate is cooler at the poles than at the equator, and the Poles also witness a big difference between the.

The Shape of the continent of Europe

The continent of Europe is characterized by its small size, as it expands in the East, and the penetration of the sea into the European mainland due to the frequent zigzagging of its coasts, helped by the presence of marine influence on the continent of Europe and the predominance of moderation.

Direction of mountain ranges

The Alps are one of the most important heights of the continent of Europe, as they extend from West to East in its southern part, and this extension plays a large role in the climate of the continent, as the western winds coming from the Atlantic Ocean penetrate the continent due to their alignment with these mountain ranges.

These chains are an impediment to the extension of polar influences in the north to the south of the continent, as well as an impediment to air masses coming from Africa heading to the north of the continent, and the Chaldean Highlands extending from northeast to Southwest are in conflict with the westerly wind direction, resulting in varying rainfall rates between the western and eastern slopes.

The mountains receive more rainfall in low-lying areas due to the cooling of the air in the high ground, which causes the moist air to condense and fall with the precipitation, the higher the place above sea level the colder the atmosphere, and this happens because the higher the altitude, the air becomes thinner and less able to absorb the heat and

Pressure zones adjacent to the continent

The climate of the continent of Europe is affected by five pressure ranges:

The first is manifested in the European high pressure area of the Atlantic Ocean, where it produces sunny weather due to the widening of its influence summer to extend to northwestern Europe.

The second band is centered in the Icelandic low pressure zone.

The third band is the pressure centered in Central Asia.

The fourth Range is the low pressure on the Mediterranean Sea.

The fifth range is in the warm Gulf Stream, which affects the climate in the West and north-west of the continent, is characterized by warmth, and in Winter contributes to the formation of Hurricane fronts because it meets with cold continental masses on the one hand and with westerly winds coming from the Atlantic Ocean on the other.

El Nino

Blamed on El Niño, a phenomenon that affects wind and rain patterns, especially in droughts and floods in countries around the Pacific Ocean, El Niño refers to the irregular warming of surface water in the Pacific Ocean, in addition to pumping warmer water for energy and moisture into the atmosphere, changing global wind patterns and precipitation.

This phenomenon caused hurricanes in Florida, served to form smog in Indonesia and forest fires in Brazil.

El Niño is a Spanish word meaning “baby boy“, so named because it comes at the time of the celebration of the birth of the child Christ, its cold counterpart is known as La Niña, Spanish means” baby girl”, and it also brings with it the vagaries of the weather.

Human impact

We can not forget that human influence directly affects our climate: early in human history, human influence on climate was very small, but with the increase in population and logging in large numbers, the negative impact on climate has increased, for example, trees absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen but cutting them will result in a decrease in the number of trees and

The Industrial Revolution, which began at the end of the XIX century, had a significant impact on the climate, since it was based on the invention of the engine, as well as increased the combustion of fossil fuels, which in turn increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Climatic regions of the continent of Europe

Northern European climate region

The climate of the North extends to the northern parts overlooking the Arctic Ocean, that is, in Scandinavia, including Iceland.

This product is characterized by winters wet and very cold because of the low temperature to below zero and continue this decline for nine months, and as we head to the East, because the East be far away from the warm Gulf Stream, unlike the West where a very low temperature because of the warm Gulf Stream nearby, we find that in winter abound and snow-covered land and green spaces, the growing season is short, the period of the growth of these herbs and plants be few because of the period of dormancy throughout the winter.

In summer, the climate is also moderately humid, cooler.

Eastern European climate region

Known as the continental climate, this continental climate covers the central and eastern part of Europe and is characterized by a large thermal range, as it ranges from 18 to 39 m .one of the main characteristics of the climate type is the long-term cold winter period, in which the temperature drops below zero Celsius causing rivers to freeze.

The summer is hot, where the temperatures rise, because of the exposure of this region to hot air masses coming from Asia East, in addition to the rainfall in the summer and reaches a maximum in June and July, and their quantity decreases as we head east, which is often a overturning rain due to the western winds.

In order to keep the grass green under these extreme conditions, choose the Barenbrug varieties that can withstand the rigors of winter and summer, however, we find that the closer to the Mediterranean or the Black Sea, the climate becomes milder due to the effects caused by the sea.

Climate region of Central Europe

This region moves between the climate of the West and east of the continent, where the temperatures and rainfall vary due to the different surface features in it, the higher we find that the temperatures drop, and the year-long atmospheric decline in this section is affected by the Icelandic atmospheric decline in winter and the continental polar masses.

In the summer, this region is the target of marine tropical air masses and continental tropical masses, as well as North-West and south-west winds, while the rains are distributed throughout the year.

Southern Europe and Mediterranean climate

This climate is concentrated in the southern parts of the continent overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, among the countries where this climate prevails are Spain, Portugal, southern France, Italy, Greece and Turkey.

This product is characterized by four suitable properties, manifested in the are that falls in the winter and also rain in a dry summer, the middling temperature in winter, where not less than 4.4 M, and in the summer the sky is sunny and the temperature is rising, where more than 31 M.

Drought and poor irrigation water quality are among the biggest problems that lawn managers have to deal with. Barenbrug therefore included drought-tolerant varieties and varieties in its blends for the southern regions.

Sub-continental climate

This region manifests itself between the continental and Mediterranean climatic zone, a transitional zone called the sub-continental climate, and northern Italy, Slovenia and Croatia partly belong to this region, and in the summer the temperatures rise and the atmosphere is hot as in the Mediterranean region, while in winter the temperatures fall and are accompanied by Frost and are very cold as in the