Atherosclerosis is a medical term given to the condition of accumulation and accumulation of fatty materials along the walls of the body’s arteries. These are substances that, over time, become dense and strong, causing the arteries to narrow and possibly clog, which leads to weak blood flow through this artery to the organ that the artery feeds, and this leads to weak vitality and function of this organ .
However, if a complete blockage of this artery occurs, this leads to the death of the organ or the part of it that depends on this artery, such as the death of part of the heart muscle as a result of the blockage of the coronary artery that feeds this muscle.
In some cases, the accumulation of fat on the walls of the arteries leads to the weakness of the artery wall, which leads to its rupture and bleeding, such as the bleeding that occurs in the brain, causing a stroke in the elderly. In other cases, the accumulation of fat on the walls of the arteries leads to the separation of small parts of these accumulations and their transmission through the blood, causing blockage of other small arteries and thus causing a clot in a place far from the source of this clot.
Causes of atherosclerosis and factors contributing to its occurrence
Atherosclerosis is a common problem that affects the arteries, as fats and cholesterol accumulate on the walls of these arteries. It occurs to every human being as part of the syndrome of aging and aging, but there are causes and factors that lead to the early and severe occurrence of atherosclerosis, and thus the occurrence of its complications and consequences at an early age in a person’s life . Among these factors and causes that lead to the appearance of atherosclerosis are the following:
Obesity or overweight
Increased fat and cholesterol in the body
Lack of sports and physical exercise