Nosebleeds in children

Nosebleeds (epistastesm) are rare in children under two years of age. The percentage increases after the age of two years and then decreases after puberty. The genetic factor plays a role in some cases.



the reasons:

Nosebleeds (epistaxis) are common in children aged 3-10 years. 90% of nosebleeds have unknown causes, and only 10% are the result of local causes in the nose or general causes in the body.


Local causes:


Weakness of the vessels and capillaries in the lining of the nose.


Scratches on the nasal lining caused by a child’s finger or a foreign body in the nose.


Dryness of the nasal lining as a result of the child being exposed to dry air currents.


Sinusitis, polyps, and nasal allergies lead to the accumulation of secretions with the formation of crusts, and also cause weakness in the vessels and capillaries in the membrane lining the nose.


General reasons:


Blood thinning diseases.


Vitamin C or Vitamin K deficiency.




first aid :


Keep the child calm while sitting and pressing on the nose with the head bent down to avoid blood in the throat.


Cold compresses on the nose and forehead (in most cases the bleeding stops automatically within a few minutes).


If the bleeding does not stop, vasoconstrictive drops are placed in the nose. If the bleeding continues, the child must be transferred to the hospital.

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